Dementia Treatment

In most instances there are no means of curing the diseases that cause dementia, such as Alzheimer’s disease. However, there is an immense amount of research taking place into new drug treatments for Alzheimer’s disease and the other dementias. Currently, there are drugs available that may alleviate symptoms in some people in the mild to moderate stages of Alzheimer’s. There is no cure for Alzheimer’s disease or for most other causes of dementia. However, many of the problems associated with dementia such as restlessness and depression can be treated. It may also be possible, especially in the early stages of dementia, to improve someone’s memory with medication. It is also possible to help people with dementia and their caregivers in a variety of practical ways. These include developing ways of caring for people with dementia building on the strengths and abilities of those affected. This ensures that people with dementia maintain a sense of well-being and individuality throughout their illness.


There is an immense amount of research into new drug treatments for Alzheimer’s disease and the other dementias. One recent medical breakthrough has been the development of drugs specifically designed to alleviate some of the symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease in the mild to moderate stages. These are the so-called ‘acetyl cholinesterase inhibiting drugs’. People with Alzheimer’s have been shown to have a serious shortage of the chemical acetylcholine in their brains, affecting nerve cell communication and memory. The new drugs maintain existing supplies of acetylcholine by blocking the production of the enzyme acetyl cholinesterase. This enzyme usually acts to clear away acetylcholine.

These acetyl cholinesterase inhibiting drugs are

  • Reminyl (also called galantamine)
  •  Aricept (donepezil hydrochloride)
  •  Exelon (rivastigmine)

Moreover, NMDA-receptor antagonist are now also used for treating people with dementia. These have shown a significant effect in preventing clinical worsening in the cognitive, functional and behavioural domains in patients. The NMDA-receptor antagonist drug available in the market Ebixa (memantine). It is the first drug for people in the later stages of the disease. Although memantine can help with the symptoms, there is no evidence that it modifies the underlying pathology of the disease. Fact sheets are available, which contain more information about these drugs. It is important to remember that these drugs are not a cure, but may stabilize some of the symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease for a limited period of time. Side-effects may include diarrhea, nausea, insomnia, fatigue and loss of appetite.

Other Drugs

A number of other treatments, including vitamin E and omega-3 fatty acids, have shown some promising associations, but are not yet proven for routine use (and high doses of vitamin E can have negative effects). Nootropics, such as Ginkgo Biloba, are available in many countries. Ginkgo seems to improve cerebral blood flow, but consistent improved outcomes with it have not yet been clinically demonstrated. Medication is sometimes prescribed to treat some of the symptoms of dementia, such as restlessness, delusions and hallucinations. These include tranquillizers, antidepressants and anxiety-relieving drugs Wherever possible it is advisable to avoid the use of drugs. By minimizing distress and agitation and by making sure the person with dementia feels safe and cared for it is often possible to avoid the use of drugs altogether.


    A Little Care Is What They Need!

    What is the basic reason for joining this volunteer program?

    (Tick the option that suites you best, you can choose the multiple options as well)
    To support Alzheimer’s PakistanTo learn about DementiaFor gaining experienceTo become an active contributorTo help me get into paid employmentVolunteering is a tradition in my familyAny other reason:

    What would be your preferable way to get involved in this volunteer program?

    (Tick the option that suites you best, you can choose the multiple options as well)
    By making at least five volunteersBy organizing fundraising and donation collecting eventsBy sponsoring a patient for Rs. 2000 per monthBy organizing awareness events. (seminars, camps, walks, etc)By putting up poster on shops, distributing awareness material and placing donation boxes at different locationsBy helping in the establishment of new branches in other citiesAny other way by which you can help Alzheimer’s Pakistan?


    Note: It is mandatory for all the volunteers to raise a donation of Rs. 2000 by selling Alzheimer’s Pakistan’s information cards worth 100 rupees (each card) in addition to the above mentioned commitment. All volunteers will be awarded with an acknowledgment certificate.


    Alzheimer’s Pakistan

    146/1, Shadman Jail Road, Lahore.Tel: 042-35233935, 35233936

  • How can you Help ?

    Thank you for your interest in donating to the work of the Alzheimer’s Pakistan. The generous support of donors provides services for people facing Alzheimer’s disease and supports research to improve treatment, care, and prevention strategies. Donations can be made through cash, cheques and bank drafts: Cheques and bank drafts should be addressed to “Alzheimer’s Pakistan”. For cash donations, please find below our bank account number:


    Alzheimers Pakistan


    PK59 MUCB 0077 6010 1002  6377


    042 35233935